Fifth graders will continue to apply a variety of reading comprehension strategies before-, during-, and after- reading to enhance understanding of text. They will continue to develop an appreciation for literature by reading a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections across content areas. Students will increase communication skills by participating in a variety of learning experiences and will use online, print, and media resources to prepare presentations. In addition, students will plan, draft, revise, and edit to describe, to entertain, and to explain. In early March students will take a two part writing SOL. The first part involves answering multiple choice and technology enhanced questions regarding usage and mechanics and revision strategies. The second part involves writing to an assigned prompt. All aspects of literacy will be taught through a balanced literacy framework for instruction, enabling all students to become independent and strategic readers, writers, thinkers, and communicators.
In fifth grade mathematics, problem-solving strategies, logical reasoning skills, and algebraic thinking skills continue to be developed and refined. Work continues with numbers and operations on whole numbers, decimals, and fractions. Students explore topics in measurement, geometry, data analysis, and probability. In fifth grade accelerated mathematics, the basic skills that students have acquired are extended. The ideas pertaining to operations on numbers, elementary number theory, geometry, measurement, statistics, probability, patterns and functions are refined and expanded. These topics, along with an introduction to algebraic symbolism prepare students for pre-algebra.
Fifth grade science begins with the importance of selecting appropriate instruments for measuring and recording observations. The organization, analysis, and application of data continue to be an important focus of classroom inquiry. Science skills from preceding grades, including questioning, using and validating evidence, and systematic experimentation, are reinforced at this level. Students are introduced to more detailed concepts of sound and light and the tools used for studying them. Key concepts of matter, including those about atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds, are studied, and the properties of matter are defined in greater detail. The cellular makeup of organisms and the distinguishing characteristics of groups of organisms are stressed. Students learn about the characteristics of the oceans and Earth’s changing surface. The fifth-grade standards focus on student growth in understanding the nature of science. This scientific view defines the idea that explanations of nature are developed and tested using observation.
The World Studies curriculum serves as a bridge between the study of the ancients in second and third grades and the world history courses in high school. The course introduces students to regions of the world that are increasingly important to our country. The content is international in scope, with an emphasis on geography and history along with economic development, political systems and current world issues from selected countries. The major focus is the interdependence of nations, with an understanding and appreciation of the cultures of others.