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Second Grade
a large group of students drying off at the pool

By second grade, most students have settled in and have begun to use the skills they learned in kindergarten and in first grade. The students begin to become more analytical in their thinking as they take on more complicated assignments. Friendships start to develop as second graders learn what it takes to be a friend.

Language Arts

Second graders continue to work on becoming fluent readers by exploring a variety of reading genres. They enjoy choosing and reading chapter books now that they are all “grown up”! Focus is placed on reading fluency and reading comprehension. In writing, the students become better story writers as they learn to express themselves by writing stories, letters and simple explanations.


In second grade, students will strengthen their sense of number through problem solving and hands-on practice. Students will use manipulatives to explore place value and relationships between addition and subtraction facts. In the second half of the year students will use their knowledge of place value to help them understand addition and subtraction of 2-digit numbers. Second graders will build on what they have learned in earlier grades in estimating, measuring, patterning, telling time, counting money, and graphing.

Social Studies

From teepees to famous Americans! Second graders get very excited when they hear they will be learning all about American Indians, national symbols, and famous people who made our country great! These units have plenty of hands-on activities which make learning enjoyable. In geography, second grade students learn how to make a map and they learn the cardinal directions. Students will also learn about the responsibilities of good citizens and how people from diverse backgrounds participate and contribute to their communities. Finally, second graders will apply concepts of geography, civics, and economics to their everyday lives.


Second graders will look at the concept of change in our world. They will study changes in phases of matter, plant and animal life cycles, seasonal effects on plants and animals, and weather patterns. Second graders will explore the properties of magnets and their uses in the real world. All of these topics will be explored though experiments as children sharpen their skills of observation and drawing conclusions from data.