en English
Third Grade
Language Arts

Third-graders learn what it takes to be a good reader. They’ll often discuss books in small groups and ask questions about what they’re reading. They’ll summarize and use graphs to organize their thoughts about the books they read. They’ll also be asked to take more responsibility for the writing process, including revising, editing, and proofreading.


Math becomes much more challenging in third grade. Students work with larger whole numbers (numbers like 3,000) and with fractions. They’ll look at odd and even numbers, and patterns that involve those numbers. They’ll solve and explain addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems. Students are asked to do more math work on paper and in their heads, instead of with physical materials.


Science investigations become much more detailed in third grade. Students explore complex natural systems such as relationships between the sun, Earth, and moon, weather concepts, and living systems like the food chain. They’ll learn about landmasses and bodies of water, and how to identify them on a globe or map. They’ll begin to investigate different states of matter such as solids, liquids, and gases, and to observe the behaviors of sound and light. They’ll be asked to make smart guesses about their observations.

Social Studies

Third-grade social studies lessons begin to expand children’s views of the world. Students learn about the natural environment and how groups of people have adapted to or modified the environment. They’ll study how methods of travel and communication have changed throughout time and in different regions. Socially, third graders can better understand the consequences of their behavior. Because they are better at making friends than at keeping them, conflicts can arise, so teachers may work on conflict resolution strategies with the class.