**Middle School Mathematics 1:**

MSM 1 is the first of two courses in middle school preparing students for the study of algebra. The two-year sequence logically connects content found in traditional three-year pre-algebra programs and compacts it into two years with daily extended time periods in mathematics. Problem solving, proportional reasoning, and mathematical applications are emphasized throughout the two-year sequence. Problem solving is integrated throughout all areas of study so students can develop a wide range of skills and strategies for solving a variety of problem types. Emphases will be placed on problems involving consumer applications, proportional reasoning, and computation with integers. Opportunities for the student to acquire the specialized vocabulary and language patterns of mathematics are provided throughout each strand.

**Middle School Mathematics 2:**

MSM2 is the second of two courses in middle school preparing students for the study of algebra. The two-year sequence logically connects content found in traditional three-year pre-algebra programs and compacts it into two years with daily extended time periods in mathematics. Students will become knowledgeable in problem solving, proportional reasoning, and mathematical applications which are emphasized throughout the two-year sequence. Problem solving is integrated throughout all areas of study so students can become thinkers and communicators who can develop a wide range of skills and strategies for solving a variety of real-world problems. Emphasis will be placed on problems involving consumer applications, proportional reasoning, relationships between different representations of real numbers, and an in depth look at relations and functions. Opportunities for the student to acquire the specialized vocabulary and language patterns of mathematics are provided throughout each strand. Frequent class discussions and unit lessons will encourage students to become more open-minded and caring towards each other and different cultures around the world.

**Math 6 Honors:**

The Math 6 Honors course content is based on the seventh-grade mathematics standards. Students who successfully complete the seventh-grade standards should be prepared to study Algebra I in grade eight. Topics include proportional reasoning, integer computation, solving two-step linear equations, and recognizing different representations for relationships. Students will apply the properties of real numbers in solving equations, solve inequalities, and use data analysis techniques to make inferences, conjectures, and predictions. While learning mathematics, students will be actively engaged, using concrete materials and appropriate technology such as calculators, computers, and spreadsheets. However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations. Students will also identify real-life applications of the mathematical principles they are learning and apply these to science and other disciplines they are studying.

**Math 7 Honors:**

The Math 7 Honors course content is based on the eighth grade mathematics standards. The eighth-grade standards are intended to serve two purposes. First, the standards contain content that reviews or extends concepts and skills learned in previous grades. Second, they contain new content that prepares students for more abstract concepts in algebra and geometry. The eighth-grade standards provide students additional instruction and time to acquire the concepts and skills necessary for success in Algebra I. Students will gain proficiency in computation with rational numbers and will use proportions to solve a variety of problems. New concepts include solving multistep equations and inequalities, graphing linear equations, visualizing three-dimensional shapes represented in two-dimensional drawings, and applying transformations to geometric shapes in the coordinate plane. Students will verify and apply the Pythagorean Theorem and represent relations and functions, using tables, graphs, and rules.

**Algebra:**

The standard Algebra 1 course incorporates all of the foundation skills that are necessary for students to pursue college preparatory mathematics in high school. The properties of and operations on numbers are extended to include the development of the real number system. Sets, equations, inequalities, exponents, polynomials, functions, graphing, systems of equations, and quadratics are the major topics of study. Additionally, the ability to make comparisons of one and two variable data sets using statistical techniques including measures of central tendency, range, standard deviation, mean absolute deviation, z-scores, stem-and-leaf plots, and box-and-whisker graphs is an expectation for all students in the Algebra 1 program. Integration of algebra topics to other disciplines is encouraged. Instruction in the use of and the development of proficiency with graphing calculators provides students with the visual models that complement the learning of algebraic concepts. Other existing and emerging technologies are used as tools to facilitate the problem solving process, data analysis techniques, and graphing.

**Geometry:**

Geometry is a unified study of plane, solid, and coordinate geometric concepts which provides students with the prerequisite skills that will facilitate the study of advanced mathematics. Investigations of lines, planes, congruencies, similarities, geometric inequalities, parallelism, perpendicularity, polygons, areas, volumes, circles, and three-dimensional figures are incorporated to provide a complete course of study. Formal and informal deductive reasoning skills are developed and applied to the construction of formal proof. Opportunities are provided for discovery learning through hands-on activities and experiences to explore major concepts and develop problem solving skills. An emphasis will be placed on proofs throughout the course including 2-column, paragraph, and coordinate proofs. Included will be a continued emphasis on more challenging multi-step problem solving, applications, and review of algebraic concepts incorporating geometry problems that involve quadratic equations and systems of linear equations.